Neurontin (gabapentin)

Pronunciation: ga bah PEN tin
Brand: Neurontin

What is Neurontin?

Neurontin belongs to a group of medicines called anticonvulsants. While it is generally used to control seizures, it is also used to treat neuropathic pain and has analgesic effects. It comes in 100, 300 and 400 mg capsules, taken orally, with or without food.

FDA approved:

1993

Average Cost:

100 – 100 mg Capsules $ 42.92
100 – 300 mg Capsules $107.33
100 – 400 mg Capsules $128.78

Brand Names and International Availability: Austria, Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Norway, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom and IT (Neurontin), Italy (Aclonium).



 

How does it work?

The exact way that it works is unknown. Anticonvulsants are thought to work by controlling brain chemicals which send signals to nerves.

Dosage:

Comes in capsules: 100 mg, 300 mg, and 400 mg. Usually taken two or three times a day.

How should I take it?

Take it as prescribed by your doctor with a full glass of water (with or without food). Store it at room temperature away from heat and moisture.

Contraindications:

Let your doctor know if you have any other medical conditions (kidney, liver, heart disease, etc.) before taking this medication.

It is not known how or if this drug will affect an unborn baby. If you are pregnant or nursing, talk to your doctor before taking this drug.

Not approved for use in children under 12.

Drug Interactions:

Antacids should not be taken closer than two hours before or after Neurontin, as it will decrease the amount of neurontin that is absorbed by your stomach.

Always make sure your Doctor and Pharmacist know ALL of the medications you are taking (including over the counter).

Neurontin may increase the effects of other drugs that cause drowsiness. Including:

  • antidepressants alcohol antihistamines sedatives (used to treat insomnia) pain relievers anxiety medicines
    and muscle relaxants.

Possible side effects:

Side effects that are not cause for discontinuation, but need to be discussed with your doctor are:

  • dizziness drowsiness blurred or double vision nausea and vomiting tremors irregular back and forth movement of the eyes

But if you have:

  • Difficulty breathing Closing of your throat Swelling of the tongue, face, or lips
    Hives

Please stop taking the drug and seek medical attention right away. These could be signs of an allergic reaction to the medication.

Precautions & Special Notes:

Avoid driving or operating heavy machinery until you’ve taken the drug long enough to know your limitations.

Avoid alchohol while using this drug.

For more information:

Mosby’s Drug Consult

RxList.com

References:
RxList.com
Mosby’s Drug Consult